PCOS Specialist Near Me

PCOS Symptoms Infographic

What is polycystic ovary syndrome?

PCOS, which stands for, polycystic ovary syndrome  is a condition that causes irregular menstrual periods because monthly ovulation is not happening normally and male hormone levels (androgens) are elevated. PCOS occurs in approximately 5 to 10% of all women. Some of the more pronounce side effects, such as excessive facial growth and male-pattern baldness or hair thinning are a direct result of the increase in androgens. Most (but not all) women who are diagnosed PCOS are overweight. For women with PCOS who want to become pregnant, fertility pills or injections are often needed to help women ovulate.

Although PCOS is not completely reversible, there are a number of treatments that may significantly reduce symptoms. Most women with PCOS are able to lead normal lives without significant complications through a combination of healthy lifestyle changes and treatment.

How to get tested for PCOS?

PCOS cannot be diagnosed with a specific test. You may be diagnosed with PCOS based upon your symptoms, blood tests, and a physical examination. Expert groups have determined that a woman must have two out of three of the following to be diagnosed with PCOS:

  • Irregular/abnormal menstrual periods.
  • Evidence of elevated androgen (male hormone) levels. The evidence can be based upon signs (excess hair growth, acne, or male-pattern balding) and/or blood tests.
  • Or polycystic ovaries found during an ultrasound which is used to confirm PCOS.

Is PCOS genetic?

Even though there is no specific PCOS gene that is passed down genetically, women with a familial history of PCOS are at a higher risk for developing PCOS.

The latest science does show evidence that there is a genetic link even though the exact gene has not been identified.

Should I see a doctor or nurse, even if my symptoms are mild?

Yes. Women with PCOS are more likely to have other health problems, too. These include:

  • Diabetes
  • Depression and/or anxiety
  • Elevated cholesterol levels
  • Sleep apnea (as a result of weight gain)

What are some treatments for PCOS?

The first-line treatment is to take birth control pills. If this proves to be ineffective or not as effective, there are other treatments than can help with symptoms, such as:

  • Anti-androgens – These medicines block hormones that cause some PCOS symptoms like acne and facial hair growth. Spironolactone (brand name: Aldactone) is the anti-androgen that is the most recommended.
  • Progestin – This hormone can make your periods regular, but only if you take it regularly. It also lowers the risk of cancer of the uterus. The recommended formulation is medroxyprogesterone (brand name: Provera) or natural progesterone (brand name: Prometrium).
  • Metformin (brand name: Glucophage) – This medicine can help make a woman’s periods more regular. But it works only in about half of the women who try it.
  • Medicated skin lotion or antibiotics to treat acne
  • Excessive hair removal treatments such as laser therapy.

More Info About PCOS provided by ACOG (The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists)

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